There are two main species of wolf in North America. The red wolf (Canis rufus) resides in the southeastern United States. The gray wolf (Canis lupus), the wolf the Dutchers observed, can be found from the U.S./Canadian border nearly all the way to the North Pole.
Jim and Jamie Dutcher spent six years living in the Idaho wilderness among a pack of wolves. The Dutchers captured wolves’ lives on film and became closer with the pack than they ever could have imagined.
The second in command to the alpha is the beta wolf; he maintains order and protects the pack but cannot rule. On the other end of the hierarchy, the omega wolf is the lowest-ranking member and must constantly submit to other pack members.